What does it mean when we say that is itpossible for a person to lose their salvation?


What does the word salvation mean?


Is the Holy Spirit received in the samemanner in both the Old and New Testaments?


Can a person lose the Holy Spirit?


Inorder to understand this idea of losing one’s salvation, we must answer all ofthese questions. We should also ask ourselves, are we talking about an OldTestament saint or a New Testament believer?


Wewill present this topic from two opposing points of view; one espousing that aperson can lose their salvation, and the other espousing that a person cannotlose their salvation. Regardless of the view one holds, hopefully the entirestudy will be read and contemplated. It is often difficult to read about somethingwith which we don’t agree, but I am not asking anyone to change his or heropinion, only to consider the alternate view of fellow believers. Shouldn’t webe aware of why we disagree?  Are we ableto have a non-combative dialogue with one another when we differ in ourperspective about a Biblical topic? Since we will live with each otherthroughout eternity, why not learn now to foster a cooperative exchange ofviews.


Somemight argue that if a church allows its members to hold to different opinionsabout a topic, it will cause division and confusion. Here’s a question for youto consider in this regard. Should every member of a particular church have tobelieve a certain way in order to be accepted by those in leadership andassembly?  I would hope not. Each churchdoes have its own doctrinal platform, and there is nothing wrong with that.However, if a member doesn’t conform to a particular doctrine, does thisprohibit them from holding a leadership position? Should they be asked to leaveand find another church if they have a difference of opinion? I’m sure thatthese kinds of decisions which need to be made in response to such situationsare contemplated, confronted with, and addressed by most churches, when theseissues arise.   


OnSunday mornings, sometimes I will teach on different doctrinal issues, usuallypresenting divergent views. I do have my own opinion, and will gladly share itif asked, but I am concerned that when we get so wrapped up in supporting aparticular view, it becomes easy to neglect that which needs to be attended toon a daily basis i.e., personal sanctification. It’s all too easy to enter intoargumentative debates on whether a believer: is commanded to tithe; must speakin prayer tongues in order to evidence this as a sign of the baptism of theHoly Spirit; will be abandoned by God if they continue to live in habitual sin,etc.? When this happens we become divisive and our unity is destroyed. Suchdivision will not draw unbelievers or visitors within our midst into ourfellowship on a regular basis.


Whatshould be the main focus of the church? Is it for all members to agreedoctrinally with one another? Shouldn’t it be on learning about who we are asnew creations in Christ and internalizing these new thoughts? When themembers begin thinking with the mind of Christ throughout each day, the fruitof the Holy Spirit becomes evident on a more consistent basis. And when thathappens, unbelievers will be drawn to the Lord, because his fruit is sodesperately needed.


Hopefully,we can learn to agree to disagree on issues other than our shared foundationalbeliefs in the Lord Jesus (e.g. the deity of Christ; the virgin birth ofChrist; the resurrection of Christ; the atonement of Christ; the trinity - oneGod existing as three persons each having the same nature - coequal,coinfinite, and coeternal; Christ (God the Son) come in the flesh); and hisfinished work on the cross. It is very possible to disagree and discuss issueswith one another in mutual respect, and yet agree that we need more of the HolySpirit operating within our lives. Before you engage yourself in this study,ask God the Father to provide for you by means of the Holy Spirit his peacethat passes all understanding so that you may be able to enjoy this spiritualmeal which has been set before you.



TheOn-Resting Spirit of the Old Testament


Beforewe look at verses in the Old Testament that address the question “Can a personwho believed in God as He was revealed in the Old Testament lose theirsalvation?” Let’s examine the concept of the on-resting Spirit.


Whatis the Meaning of the Spirit On-resting upon an Individual?


And Shalt Be Turned into Another Man:

Suggested Reading: 1 Samuel 9:1-27; 10:1-10

And the Spirit of the Lord will come uponthee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man. (1 Samuel 10:6)


Whenthe children of Israel were demanding that a king be placed over them, God toldthe prophet/judge, Samuel, that He would send a man from the land of Benjaminto meet him at the gate of the city (of Ramah?) the following day at the sametime. This man would become Israel’s first king. Sure enough, Saul arrived atthe gate at the appointed time. Samuel showed him the word of God, anointed himto be the king, and told him to undertake a journey.


Atsome point, he would meet up with a company of prophets, where the Spirit ofthe Lord would come upon him, and he would prophesy with them. The words comeupon thee refer to the Spirit rushing upon him; coming mightily upon him;or passing upon him as fire does when it breaks out and spreads.1The on-resting Spirit does not refer to the Spirit’s indwelling of aperson, as recorded in the New Testament scriptures, following Jesus’ death,resurrection, and ascension. Now, let’s attempt to answer the followingquestion about the on-resting Spirit.


Couldthe On-Resting Spirit Be Lost or Depart from a Person Who Believed in God as HeWas Revealed in the Old Testament?




Suggested Reading: Judges Chapters 13-16

And the woman bare a son, and called hisname Samson: and the child grew, and the Lord blessed him, And the Spirit ofthe Lord began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah andEshtaol. (Judges 13:24-25)


Samsonwas a judge of Israel for 20 years; one of the Nazarenes, who separatedthemselves from drinking wine and strong drink. They were not allowed to shavetheir head (a symbol of strength and abundant vitality, 2 Samuel 14:25-26), cut their beard, come near a dead body,attend funerals, or eat unclean food. They also spent much time in the study ofthe Law, were bound to some religious observances, performed acts of devotion,and taught others.


AsSamson grew physically and spiritually, the Lord blessed him, and theon-resting Spirit would come upon him at various times. Eventually, he fell inlove and wanted to marry a Philistine woman, but according to the instructionsof Moses to the children of Israel, when they were encamped at Mount Sinai, itwas against God’s law to do so (Deuteronomy 17). When they eventually enteredthe promised land of Canaan, they were not to marry anyone from another tribe,because it would cause their sons to turn away from God. 


IfSamson was aware of God’s directives in the area of marriage, he simply choseto disregard them. The formal dowry and gifts were given by Samson's father andfollowed by an unspecified interval, which varied according to Oriental customfrom a few days to a full year between betrothal and wedding. During this time,the bride lived with her friends. Finally, the essential part of the marriageceremony was performed, namely, the removal of the bride from her father'shouse to that of the bridegroom or his father.2


Thirtyof Samson’s friends attended his wedding. At this time, Samson had come up witha riddle and made a bet with them, promising certain clothing items if theycould decipher the it in 7 days. On the seventh day, the marriage was to beconsummated, but as it drew closer Samson’s friends approached the bride-to-beand threatened her life unless she was able to persuade Samson to tell her theanswer to the riddle and relay the information back to them. She complied, butSamson, aware of the betrayal by his future wife and friends angrily went to anearby town, where he killed 30 men and took their clothing, apparently noteven consummating the marriage. When he returned, he discovered that his wife’sfather, thinking Samson was not coming back, had given her in marriage to thefriend who was to have been best man at the wedding.


Laterin life, Samson fell in love with another non-Jewish woman, named Delilah. Eventuallyshe also betrayed him, persuading him to reveal to her the secret behind hisgreat strength with the consequence of the on-resting Spirit departing from himalong with the loss of supernatural strength. Subsequently, he was unable todefend himself against capture by the Philistines, who gouged out his eyes.


And she said, The Philistines be upon thee,Samson. And he awoke out of his sleep, and said, I will go out as at othertimes before, and shake myself. And he wist not that the Lord was departed fromhim. (Judges 16:20)


Throughouthis life, Samson listened to his own conscience and followed after the lusts ofhis own heart. Delilah, who he had longed for and sought after, betrayed himwith the terrible consequences of both physical and spiritual blindness. Hisspiritual blindness was the result of his own choices and resulted in adishonorable testimony.




Suggested Reading: 1 Samuel Chapters 12-16

But the Spirit of the Lord departed fromSaul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him. (1 Samuel 16:14)


Havingbeen anointed by the prophet Samuel, Saul became Israel’s first king inapproximately 1025 BC, and during his reign the Israelites gained victory overmany of their foes. However, Saul would occasionally disobey the divineinstructions that were delivered to him by the prophet Samuel.  In one instance, he was commanded to destroyall of the people and animals of the Amalekites, including their king, Agag,but he decided to spare him along with the best of the cattle. After repeatedactions that were contrary to God’s directives, Samuel told Saul that God hadrejected him as king. God instructed Samuel to visit a man named Jesse, becauseone of his seven sons would be chosen as the next king of Israel. That son was theyoungest of his sons, named David. Because of Saul’s continued habit of doingthings his own way, the on-resting Spirit left him and an evil spirit from theLord came upon him instead. 




Suggested Reading: 2 Samuel Chapters 11-12

And it came to pass, after the year wasexpired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, andhis servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children ofAmmon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. (2 Samuel 11:1)


KingDavid launched a military campaign against the Ammonites in which many werekilled while the capital city of Rabbah was surrounded. He, however, haddecided to stay in Jerusalem during the battle and, from the rooftop of hishouse saw (gazed at) a beautiful woman washing herself. An inquiry revealedthat she was Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite, one of the 30 commandersof the 30 bands of David’s army.


Hesent messengers to bring her to him and subsequently entered into a sexualrelationship with her. She conceived and told him that she was pregnant, soDavid tried to figure out how to cover it up. He decided to send a message toJoab, the chief commander of the Jewish army, to bring Uriah home with a statusreport of the war. David planned to send Uriah home to his wife after receivingthe report, hoping that they would be intimate and Bathsheba’s pregnancy couldbe attributed to him. Uriah, out of loyalty to his fellow soldiers, who wereunable to enjoy their families, refused to go home. Later, he got Uriah drunk,still hoping that he could persuade him to go to his wife, but again he chosenot to do so.


Realizingthat unless something was done, Uriah would eventually find out that Bathshebawas pregnant by another man, he sent a letter to Joab telling him that whenUriah returned to the battle to put him at the forefront and withdraw hisforces, knowing full well that he would be killed. And so it happened, andDavid was able to take Bathsheba to be his wife.


Davidnot only had committed adultery, but had also persuaded his friend, thecommander of his forces, to become an accomplice in Uriah’s murder. There is norecord that David confessed his transgressions to the Lord shortly thereafter, so God sent the prophet, Nathan, tospeak to him about the consequences of his actions. According to the MosaicLaw, the penalty for committing adultery or murder was death. David then admittedthat he had sinned against the Lord and Nathan told him that as a result Godhad removed the penalty of personal death and imposed other consequences:


●Evilwould arise against him from within his own house.

●Hismany wives would have relations with others.

●Hischild with Bathsheba would die.


Acceptingthe rebuke and acknowledging the consequences, David repented and prayed,pleading with God not to take the Holy Spirit from him, which God refrainedfrom doing so.


Cast me not away from thy presence; and takenot thy holy spirit from me. (Psalm 51:11)


Insummary, it appears that the Holy Spirit could be lost (depart) due to habitualsin which was not repented of. 


Here is anotherinteresting question about the on-resting Spirit.


WhatWere the Benefits of the Holy Spirit Coming upon a Person in the Old Testament?


Inorder to answer this question, we will look at life experiences from severalOld Testament saints and then summarize.



Suggested Reading: Genesis Chapters 37-47

And Pharaoh said unto his servants, “Can wefind such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?” And Pharaohsaid unto Joseph, “Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none sodiscreet and wise as thou art.” (Genesis 41:38-39)


Josephwas the eldest son of Jacob and Rachel. Born in about 1910 BC, he had 11 otherbrothers, 10 of whom were half-brothers that hated him because their mutualfather Joseph showed favoritism toward him. They were jealous because Jacob hadhonored his father by making him a coat of many colors (Genesis 37:3-4); and also resented him because of his dreamindicating that they would be subservient to him in the future.


On aparticular day, Jacob sent Joseph to inquire of his brothers, who had beentending their flocks at Shechem and had decided to proceed onward to Dothan.When they saw him coming, they began plotting and sold him to Ishmaelitemerchants, who were on their way to the Egyptian market. In turn, he was soldto Potiphar, the chief of the Pharaoh’s state police, to whom he became hisslave. 


Duringthis time, Potiphar’s wife made repeated sexual advances toward him, but hespurned them all. Eventually, she falsely accused him of attempted rape. Beingcast into prison for two years, he encountered two of Pharaoh’s workmen(aristocrats) who were also prisoned there. It was the custom for an imprisonedaristocrat to receive one slave to serve him, and some commentators believethat Joseph was a slave to both of these men. Amazingly, each had a dream thatthey didn’t understand until they shared it with Joseph who was able tointerpret each of them. Eventually, one man, the butler, would be reinstated tohis position with Pharaoh.


Pharaohalso had disturbing dreams, and likewise he searched throughout his kingdom forsomeone to interpret them, but no one could. Finally, the butler rememberedJoseph, and he was brought before Pharaoh who relayed to him two dreams.Joseph’s correct interpretation revealed that there would be 7 years of plentyfollowed by 7 years of famine throughout the land. Recognizing that Joseph hadthe Spirit of God accompanying him, Pharaoh declared that Joseph’s God had notonly caused him to know the interpretation, but had also given him the wisdomto deal with the coming famine, and so he appointed him as food commissionerover all of the land of Egypt.



Exodus31:1-3 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, See, I have called by nameBezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: And I havefilled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and inknowledge, and in all manner of workmanship.          


Godspoke to Moses, revealing that He had chosen Bezaleel to be the chiefsuperintendent over the building of the tabernacle, and Oholiab to be hisassistant. Concerning Bezaleel, He said that He let His Spirit possess himcompletely in:


●Wisdom—thepower of judging what is wise or best to be done; the power to invent and originate.

●Understanding—theability to receive and appreciate directions and suggestions; to discern; thecapacity to comprehend the different parts of a work, how to connect, arrange,etc., in order to make a complete whole.3

●Knowledge—suchinformation as is acquired by experience and acquaintance with facts.

●Allmanner of workmanship—to possess manual dexterity, the power of artisticexecution.4




But my servant Caleb, because he had anotherspirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the landwhereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it. (Numbers 14:24)


Surely none of the men that came up out ofEgypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware untoAbraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me. (Numbers32:11)


Duringthe wilderness wanderings of the Jews under the guidance of Moses, there was aman named Caleb who, under the influence of God's Spirit, was of bold,generous, heroic course, above worldly anxieties and fears.5 He obeyed the Lord without reservation, proceeding boldly,unhesitatingly undeterred by any obstacles. Because of his faithfulness, Godbrought him into the Promised Land, the land of Canaan, along with Joshua andthose who were younger than 20 years of age, when they left Egypt. 



1Samuel 10:6, 9 And the Spirit of the Lord will come upon thee, and thou shaltprophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man And it was so, thatwhen he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another heart: andall those signs came to pass that day.


Saul’sfather sent him to look for some lost donkeys but, unable to find them, he toldhis servant that they should head back home. The servant told him about a seer(prophet) in a city of the land of Zuph who might be able to tell them wherethe donkeys were. Meanwhile, the Lord had spoken to the prophet, Samuel, on theprevious day telling him that on this day he would meet a man whom he wouldanoint to be Israel’s king.


Saularrived at the gate of the city and asked a man if he knew where the seer’shouse was, unaware that he was speaking to Samuel. After identifying himself,Samuel invited him to partake in a meal, showed him the word of God, andanointed him to be king by pouring oil on his head. Samuel also told him thatwhen he left the city, he would eventually come upon a company of prophets, ifhe followed his specific directions.


Saul did follow theinstructions precisely, and when he encountered the prophets as foretold theSpirit of God came mightily upon him and he prophesied under the influence ofdivine inspiration uttering truths that were supernaturally revealed. He waschanged into a different person, because he was given a new heart, which refersprimarily to a different attitude and outlook. This young farmer would now boththink and act like a leader, the king of the nation, a warrior-statesman; whoseresponsibility it was to listen to God and obey His will. The Holy Spirit wouldfurther enable him to serve God as long as he walked in obedience to His will.6




Micah 3:8 But truly I am full of power by thespirit of the Lord, and of judgment, and of might, to declare unto Jacob histransgression, and to Israel his sin.


The prophet Micah delivered amessage, probably in Jerusalem, against the rulers of Israel who pervertedrighteous judgment by hating good and loving evil. He also upbraided theprophets who caused the people to err to the point that God would notcommunicate with them.


Hewas able to declare the transgressions and sins of the nation because he wasfull of:


●Power—theheavenly energy of the Spirit.

●Judgment—thesubstance of his message, right judgment to be enacted by them, to which he wasto exhort them.7

●Might—thecourage or boldness to deliver the message of God.




Suggested Reading: Daniel 5:1-31

There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom isthe spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light andunderstanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whomthe king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master ofthe magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers; Forasmuch as anexcellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, andshewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the sameDaniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he willshew the interpretation. (Daniel 5:11-12)


Nabonidusand his son Belshazzar were the last two kings of the Chaldean Empireexercising ruling power throughout the land. On this particular occasion,Belshazzar held a great feast for one thousand of his lords. As he tasted thewine, he commanded that the vessels of gold and silver, which had been taken byhis grandfather King Nebuchadnezzar from the temple during the invasion anddestruction of Jerusalem be used as vessels from which to drink. As theyconsumed the wine, they also praised their gods of gold, silver, brass, iron,wood, and stone.


Inthe same hour, the fingers of a man’s hand appeared and wrote upon a wall. Whenthe king saw this, his cheerful countenance turned pale, becoming so frightenedthat the ligaments of his thighs lost the strength to hold his body up and hefell to the floor. The king summoned the astrologers and soothsayers, hopingthat one of them would be able to decipher the writing. Whoever succeeded wouldbe made the third ruler in the kingdom, but no one could interpret thewriting—or even read it.


Thequeen came forward and spoke of a man in the kingdom that in times past hadinterpreted the dreams of Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar’s grandfather. He wasdescribed as one in whom: the spirit of the holy gods was found; was light (theemblem of knowledge, making all things clear8);understanding (the idea of a kind of intelligence that enables a person toavoid errors or miscalculation9); andwisdom (good judgment). This man, Daniel, also possessed an extraordinary mind,the ability to interpret dreams, the ability to explain riddles or the meaningof obscure sentences, and the ability to find solutions to seemingly impossibleproblems.10


Belshazzarcalled for Daniel and offered him the reward if he could read and interpret thewriting. Daniel declined the position and gifts, saying that as Nebuchadnezzarhad been hardened by pride and removed from his kingly throne, so wouldBelshazzar be removed because of his prideful rebellion against God (asillustrated by his use of the vessels from the temple in conjunction with idolatry).Daniel read the words, interpreted them, and told Belshazzar that his kingdomwas finished and would be divided and given to the Medes and Persians. Thatvery night Belshazzar was murdered. 




Thebenefits of the Holy Spirit coming upon a person in the Old Testament variedfrom person to person, but might include:


a.    Wisdom for solutions to problems.

b.    Wisdom for the power of righteous judgmentand/or the ability to invent and originate.

c.    Understanding with the ability to receive and appreciatedirections and suggestions; the capacity to

comprehendthe different parts of a work, how to connect, arrange, etc., in order to makea complete whole.11

d.    Knowledge of such information as is acquired byexperience and acquaintance with facts.

e.    All manner of workmanship—to possess manualdexterity, the power of artistic execution.12

f.     Bold, generous, heroic course, above worldlyanxieties and fears.13

g.    Obedience to the Lord with no reservation,proceeding boldly and unhesitatingly without being

deterredby any obstacles.

h.    Prophecy under the influence of divineinspiration, uttering truths supernaturally revealed.

i.     A different attitude and outlook.

j.     Think and act like a leader.

k.    Listen to God and obey His will.

l.     Full of judgment (the substance of one’smessage, right judgment to be enacted by them, to which

hewas to exhort them14).

m.  Full of might—the courage or boldness to deliverthe message of God.

n.    Ability to make all things clear.

o.    An excellent spirit; an extraordinary mind.

p.    Ability to explain riddles; and make clear themeaning of obscure sentences.        

q.    Ability to dissolve doubts by finding solutionsto seemingly impossible problems.15


We have one finalquestion to ask in respect to the on-resting Spirit.


DidEveryone Who Believed in God as He Was Revealed Receive the On-Resting Spiritin the Old Testament?


Childrenof Israel


And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the Lord, and believed the Lord, and his servant Moses. (Exodus14:31)


Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years oldand upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and untoJacob; because they have not wholly followed me: Save Caleb the son ofJephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have whollyfollowed the Lord. (Numbers 32:11-12)


Thechildren of Israel had been slaves in Egypt for 430 years, when God chose Mosesto lead them out of slavery and into their eventual destination of Canaan. Pharaoh,who initially decided to let them go, changed his mind and pursued them to theRed Sea, where it appeared that there was no way to proceed. God instructedMoses to stretch out his hand over the sea, which then parted so that thechildren of Israel could pass through safely. Pharaoh’s army tried to follow,but as soon as the children of Israel reached dry land, the waters returned anddestroyed his army. When Israel saw the work that God had accomplished, theyrespected and believed the Lord and his servant Moses, and together they sang asong of remembrance and triumph for this miraculous event.


There is no indication that themajority of the Israelites received the on-resting Spirit, even though they didhave a relationship with God. According to Numbers 32, these same people were not allowed to enter thePromised Land of Canaan, because they didn’t wholly follow the Lord duringtheir 40-years wandering in the wilderness. Only Caleb and Joshua along withthose who were 20 years of age or under, when they came out of the land ofEgypt, were allowed to enter the Promised Land.




And as they were going down to the end ofthe city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and hepassed on,) but stand thou still a while, that I may shew thee the word of God.                           (1 Samuel 9:27)


And the Spirit of the Lord will come uponthee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man. (1Samuel 10:6)


Saulbecame Israel’s first king in approximately 1025 BC. The Israelites had beenunder the rule of the judges: men or women that God had raised up to meet theemergencies which arose through the defection and idolatry of the people, butthe people demanded that a king be placed over them. Apparently, the two sonsof the prophet/judge Samuel were judges, but they did not follow the ways ofthe Lord, taking bribes and perverting judgment. The people were concerned thatwithout Godly leadership, they would be subjected to being invaded andovertaken by the Ammonites and Philistines. So, they demanded of Samuel that aking be placed to rule over them. God reluctantly granted their request.


Aspreviously discussed, God instructed Samuel to anoint Saul as king, and theon-resting Spirit came upon him. Scripture indicates that Saul had arelationship with God, but whether or not he would walk in the ways or directivesof the Lord was at that point yet to be determined.




And it came to pass the same night, that theLord said unto him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second bullock ofseven years old, and throw down the altar of Baal that thy father hath, and cutdown the grove that is by it: And build an altar unto the Lord thy God upon thetop of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offera burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down. ThenGideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the Lord had said unto him: andso it was, because he feared his father's household, and the men of the city,that he could not do it by day, that he did it by night. (Judges 6:25-27)


But the Spirit of the Lord came upon Gideon,and he blew a trumpet; and Abi-ezer was gathered after him. (Judges 6:34)


Andthe Lord said unto Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped will I saveyou, and deliver the Midianites into thine hand: and let all the other peoplego every man unto his place. (Judges 7:7)


Duringthe time of the judges, the children of Israel were in the land of Canaan whenthe Midianites formed a coalition of nations to invade them, confiscating theircrops at harvest time and stealing their livestock. Israel cried out to God forassistance and he sent them a prophet named Gideon, to whom an angel of theLord appeared saying that the Lord was with him. The angel also called him amighty man of valor and informed him that God would use him to fight theMidianites. It appears that Gideon had both a relationship and fellowship withGod.


BeforeGod sent Gideon against the Midianites, he was instructed to destroy hisfather’s altar to Baal, cutting down the trees surrounding it and building analtar to the Lord in its place. He used the wood to offer a burnt sacrifice.When the Midianites and coalition of nations gathered together against Israel,the Spirit of God came upon Gideon and they were defeated. It appears that eventhough Gideon had both relationship and fellowship with God, the on-restingSpirit did not come upon him until after he obeyed God’s instructionsconcerning destroying the altar of Baal. 


Noteveryone in the Old Testament who believed in God, received the on-resting Spirit.The Spirit could come upon a person who had a relationship with God, but whohad not yet developed a fellowship (to follow God’s commandments, statutes,laws, and testimonies) with Him. In some cases, a person who had both arelationship and fellowship with God still might not receive the on-restingSpirit until certain directives were followed.


Inthe next chapter, we will attempt to answer the following question. If theon-resting Spirit was received and could be removed does this mean that the OldTestament saint would lose their salvation?



1 Barnes’Notes.Pc Study Bible version 5, 2006. BIBLESOFT. WEB. 1 August 2012



3Adam Clarke’s Commentary Pc Study Bibleversion 5, 2004. BIBLESOFT. WEB. 8 August 2012 ˂>.

4The Pulpit Commentary Pc Study Bible version5, 2006. BIBLESOFT. WEB.  9 August 2012


5 Jamieson,Faucet, and Brown Commentary Pc Study Bible version 5, 2005. BIBLESOFT.

WEB. 10 August 2012 ˂>.

6 The BibleExposition Commentary 1989.  BIBLESOFT.WEB. 11 August 2012 ˂>.



9UBS New TestamentHandbook Series Pc Study Bible version 5, 2005. BIBLESOFT. WEB.

11 August 2012 ˂>.


11Adam Clarke.

12The Pulpit.

13Jamieson, Faucet, and Brown.




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What does it mean when we say the Spirit on-rested upon an Old Testament believer?